Building a PC is exciting for a custom pc builder , as is choosing the components you’re going to install. Based on budget and function, selection of components to buy custom pc requires some extra attention.
|Business Desktop PC|
|Brand & Model||Configuration||Price|
||2017 Newest Acer Extensa X2 High Performance Business Desktop PC with Keyboard&Mouse Intel Celeron J3060 Processor 2GB RAM 500GB 7200RPM HDD Intel HD Graphics HDMI VGA Windows 7 Professional|| Intel Celeron J3060 Dual-Core Processor 1.6GHz up to 2.48GHz. Genuine Windows 7 Professional 2GB DDR3L Memory Integrated Intel HD Graphics 500B 7200RPM SATA Hard Drive. High-Definition Audio with 5.1 Channel audio support Digital Media Card Reader – Secure Digital (SD) Card. USB Keyboard and Optical Mouse Small-Form Factor Design
10/100/1000 Gigabit Ethernet LAN (RJ-45 Port) 2x USB 2.0 Ports (Front) 2x USB 3.0 Port (Rear) 1x HDMI Port 1x VGA Port with Windows 7 Pro.
|Dell Inspiron 3650 High Performance Desktop PC, Intel Core i3-6100 Processor 3.70 GHz, 8GB RAM, 1TB 7200RPM HDD, DVD +/- RW, WIFI, Bluetooth, HDMI, VGA, Windows 7 / 10 Professional|| Core i3-6100 Processor
8 GB system memory, 1TB Hard Drive. No Monitor
SuperMulti DVD Burner
Windows 7 Professional
|Certified Refubrished Desktop PC|
|Dell Optiplex 980 Desktop Computer, i5-650 3.2GHz, 8GB, 500GB DVD, Windows 10 Pro (Certified Refurbished)|| This Certified Refurbished product is tested & certified to look and work like new by a Microsoft Authorized Refurbisher. The product includes accessories, and is backed by a 1 year warranty.
Intel Core i5-650 – 3.2GHz Processor
8GB DDR3 – 500GB SATA Hard Drive
Microsoft Windows 10 Professional (64-Bit)
|HP Elite 8300 Ultra Slim High Performance Business Desktop Computer, Intel Quad Core i7-3770s 3.1Ghz CPU, 8GB DDR3 RAM, 240GB SSD, DVD, VGA USB 3.0, Windows 10 Professional (Certified Refurbished)|| This Certified Refurbished product is tested and certified to look and work like new. Intel Quad Core i7-3770s Processor 3.1 GHz, 8MB cache, Turbo up to 3.9GHz
8GB DDR3 RAM, 240 GB Solid State hard drive, Intel HD Graphics 2500, Integrated high defintion audio
Front: (4) USB 2.0 ports One (1) Microphone in jack One (1) Headphone out jack,Two (2) PS/2 ports One (1) 15-pin VGA port Two (2) DisplayPorts Two (2) USB 2.0 ports Four (4) USB 3.0 ports One (1) RJ-45 Ethernet port One (1) Line-in audio jack One (1) Line-out audio jack
Windows 10 Professional
|DELL Optiplex Desktop with 20in LCD Monitor (Core 2 Duo 3.0Ghz, 8GB RAM, 1TB HDD, Windows 10 Pro), Black (Certified Refurbished)|| Specs: Core2Duo 3.0Ghz CPU, New 8GB Memory, 1TB HDD, DVD Player
Runs: Windows 10 Professional 64-bit.
What’s in The Box? Dell OptiPlex with Cables, 20in Dell LCD Monitor, USB Keyboard and Mouse.
Dell Optiplex Desktop/SFF PC Computer package.
Table of Content for PC or personal computer building steps :
- Determine the function of the computer
- Find a processor (CPU)
- Get a motherboard that fits your processor.
- Find memory (RAM) that is compatible with your new motherboard & CPU.
- Get a hard drive big enough to store all of your data
- Pick up a case that is both functional and easy on the eyes.
- Make sure your power supply can handle the load.
- Find a Great Computer Monitor for your need
- Chose a perfect mouse and keyboard
- Choose a New Optical Drive for Your PC
- Select a cooling system for better fit
- Research every component you intend to purchase.
- Choose a retailer to buy from
Determine the function of the computer
Every PC is built for a purpose, and today’s regular computers are built for simple tasks such as word processing, spreadsheet analysis, web browsing, sending emails, downloading files and playing light games.
Depending on what a PC is going to be used for, some types of parts may or may not be needed. By researching each individual component’s capabilities and limitations, you can tailor your purchases to your exact needs now and in the future. Though, you can replace components for a perfect fit according to your requirements, but parts may not always fit with the existing system you have. Another issue, usually, Gaming requires more resources than office computing.
Find a processor (CPU)
For a number of years now, picking up a processor for a desktop system has usually meant opting for something made by Intel, with the Core i3, Core i5, and Core i7 labels indicating major steps up in speed and performance in each generation. AMD has just released its fastest processor yet after more than a half decade of research and development.
The CPU, which stands for Central Processing Unit, determines how much data a computer can handle at one time and how quickly it can handle that data. The main things to consider when buying a CPU are the number of cores needed, what the computer will be used for, the type of software to be run, processor compatibility, and the speed of the CPU.
AMD vs. Intel:
AMD’s CPUs, especially at the mid-range and lower-end of the spectrum, do tend to offer slightly better value than Intel’s. Conversely, Intel chips have stronger single core and gaming performance than even AMD’s best That’s why comparatively Intel CPU Price is higher than AMD Processors. Threadripper CPUs. In return, those looking to use applications with a heavier multi-threaded focus, should derive more benefit from a modern AMD CPU.
Get a motherboard that fits your processor
When you buy custom pc or build a custom pc, the motherboard should be selected depending on the CPU model number and stepping. The best way to determine if a processor is supported is to check if your motherboard manufacturer maintains a cpu support list. The cpu support list will tell which processor model numbers (and steppings) are supported by each bios version.
For example, if you have an MSI Computer X99A GAMING PRO CARBON ATX Motherboard, you can find the cpu support list by searching google for: “MSI Computer X99A GAMING PRO CARBON ATX Motherboards cpu support”. This list is also usually linked to from the support/drivers page for your motherboard.
If your can’t find the official cpu support list, try searching for your motherboard’s model number on cpu-upgrade.com. They maintain a processor support list for many motherboards.
List of things to consider for selecting a best motherboard :
- Form factor (ATX or Micro ATX)
- Processor Socket
- Number of Memory Slots
- PCI Express Slot
- Other built-in features.
- Hard Drive Ports (IDE, SATA, RAID)
- peripheral connections like USB 3.0 and Thunderbolt
- Front-Side Bus Speed
- Motherboard Chipset Design (Northbridge and Southbridge)
- Rear Panel Ports (Keyboard and mouse ports, USB/FireWire, Ethernet, Serial/parallel ports, eSATA, HDMI ports etc.)
- Overclocking and Tweaking
- Layout Considerations
- CPU Cooling System
Find memory (RAM) that is compatible with your new motherboard and CPU.
First, check what RAM (random-access memory) the motherboard supports. Before buying your RAM, check how many slots your motherboard is equipped with and what speeds it supports.
Type of RAM :
- RAM: random access memory
- SDRAM: synchronous dynamic random access memory
- DDR: double data rate
- DIMM: dual in-line memory module
- SO-DIMM: small outline dual in-line memory module
There are a lot of memory brands available, like Corsair, G.Skill, Kingston, KLEVV, Patriot, ADATA, Crucial, PNY, Super Talent, Mushkin, and others. The biggest difference between these brands is the design of the heat sinks on the RAM modules.
Each stick of memory is called a module. A kit of memory is typically 2 or more modules. Therefore if you see something like a 2x8GB, this is a 16GB memory kit. Why? Because there are 2 modules, each having 8GB capacity.
Get a hard drive big enough to store all of your data
There are two types of hard drives: Solid-State Drive (SSD) and the traditional Hard Disk Drive (HDD). 3 major points to consider before selecting a HDD or Hard Disk Drive
- Capacity or Space
- Connection types
S.M.A.R.T. – S.M.A.R.T. is a technology used to help warn the computer user of possible problems with the hard drive.
More details on Hard Disk Drive brands, models and price.
Pick up a case that is both functional and easy on the eyes.
Unlike with motherboards and processors, a case’s size doesn’t need to be explained. Bigger cases can hold more optical and hard drives, have room for bigger video cards, and are easier to work in.
Full-tower and mid-tower cases both fit standard ATX motherboards—by far the most common motherboard size out there. Both can also fit smaller micro-ATX motherboards.
Mini-ITX cases are the polar opposite of full-tower PC cases, built for diminutive mini-ITX motherboards. Some of these can be wondrously small and even fit inside home theater cabinets, but the tight quarters can create compatibility issues with some hardware. Computer case price depends mainly on its features and outlook.
Make sure your power supply can handle the load.
The power supply is responsible for delivering constant stable power, preventing the current from fluctuating too much and protecting your computer from power surges and other electric dangers. Picking a quality power supply can mean the difference between a well running system and one that suffers from crashes and boot failures.
Despite common misconceptions, power supply and motherboard factors have almost nothing to do with each other. The ATX motherboard form factor refers to its size rather than how it’s wired, and the ATX standard for power supplies refers to what connections are offered and how much power they can handle. ATX-compliant power supplies come in several sizing standards that include PS/2, PS3, SFX, TFX, and other less common proprietary formats.
When searching for a power supply or buy custom pc, keep your eyes on three crucial features: power output, rails, and efficiency. Other specifications and features are important, too, but these three directly affect the PSU’s performance.
A power supply’s efficiency rating is important because higher-efficiency units tend to have better components, waste less power, and generate less heat—all of which contribute to less fan noise. A power supply with an efficiency rating of 80 percent provides 80 percent of its rated wattage as power to your system, while losing the other 20 percent as heat.
Suppose, you have a 1,200W power supply unit (PSU) in your system, but unless you’re using multiple GPUs, crazy high-end CPUs, or doing a whole lot of overclocking, it’s just overkill.
Find a Great Computer Monitor for your need
For a generic display for work, school or surfing, a 27-inch flat-screen display with 4K resolution, that uses an IPS panel (aka PLS); that should run about $500 or so, is great enough. If need to go cheaper, drop to a 24-inch model with 1,920×1,080 (FHD) resolution, which price can be less than $150. Specialty displays include a new generation of touchscreen monitors that support pressure-sensitive styluses, like the Dell Canvas 27.
With a higher budget, a 16:9 aspect ratio, which is most commonly 1,920×1,080 (FHD, or “full HD”). Aspect ratio = horizontal resolution divided by the vertical resolution, and the the result for 16:9 should be 1.77:1. If you run Windows 10 and sit arms-length or closer to your display, get a touchscreen. Curved vs. flat type monitor you may also consider.
Things to consider before having a keyboard :
- Work type i.e. typing job or gaming
- Keystrokes (Switches) : sensitive, soft, feather-like etc.
- Compatibility: USB or PS2
- Design : standard, gaming or ergonomic
- Wired vs wireless
- Extra function keys: keys for launching apps, controlling volume, controlling music player etc.
- Brands : A4Tech, Logitech
Choosing A Computer Mouse (Mice)
Certain mice are better for certain types of grips. The three main grips are: Palm Grip, Claw Grip and Fingertip Grip. Undoubtedly the most important factor in choosing a mouse is how it feels. Morever, choices vary on another factor, Wired vs. Wireless. Amongst Bluetooth and RF, RF mice are usually a bit more responsive and have a longer range. Extra buttons and scroll button makes mouse extra comfortable to use. Sometime gaming mice can be really useful, even if you aren’t a gamer.
Choose a New Optical Drive for Your PC
Type : There are three basic forms of optical storage used in computers today: compact disc (CD), digital versatile disc (DVD) and Blu-ray (BD).) of drive. Now optical drives can come as read-only (ROM) or as writers (designated with either an R, RW, RE or RAM). Finally, there’s the interface: SATA or ATA. Feature and capacity wise optical drive price is very close and available in the market.
What about Blue-Ray : Predict that Blu-ray won’t move in as the replacement for DVDs and CDs. That’s because coming up fast is the solid-state drive, or SSD.
Choose an Internal Network Card
Connection speed is an important consideration when looking at purchasing a network card. Today, the majority of networks and cards are found in 10 Base or 100 Base, 100 Base being the faster of the two solutions. While slightly more expensive it is recommended that all users looking to buy a network card purchase 100 Base network cards as these cards, if needed, can be switched down to 10 Base.
Do you need a Sound Card
You see, if there is no discrete sound card installed on the PC, your CPU will have to process the audio as well so that the onboard sound chip can do its job. Again, because the motherboard is so busy and that there are other components installed on it, it can introduce RF, and you might hear unwanted noises.
The soundcard just handles every audio processing thanks to its PCB and other components. Soundcards can be placed either in the PCI slot or the PCIe slot on your motherboard. External soundcards, however, are plugged in via the USB. Speakers connect to a laptop through an external sound card or integrated audio output jack. Windows includes a speaker icon in the system tray for quick access to your audio settings.
Windows Operating System (OS)
Windows OS, computer operating system (OS) developed by Microsoft Corporation to run personal computers (PCs). Featuring the first graphical user interface (GUI) for IBM-compatible PCs, the Windows OS soon dominated the PC market. Approximately 90 percent of PCs run some version of Windows.
What is Microsoft Office
Suite of products developed by Microsoft Corporation that includes Microsoft Word, Excel, Access, Publisher, PowerPoint, and Outlook. Each program serves a different purpose and is compatible with other programs included in the package. The suite of programs is compatible with both the Windows and Macintosh operating system. Microsoft Office is the most common form of software used in all over the world.
After built a custom PC having installed Windows on it, and you’re now looking for some great apps to get you started. Whether they’re for productivity or entertainment, the Windows Store has all the apps you need. Here are the best apps for your new Windows 10 PC.
Building or buying a gaming PC can be a complex and mystifying process, with manufacturers tossing around terms like Shader Model 5, DirectX, SLI, liquid cooling, and GDDR5. Looking at gaming systems at a purely technological level is generally a mistake, however. It’s better to fall back on the tried-and-true method for making any PC purchase: considering your budget and your needs.
External Hard Disk Drive
So, you ran out of storage your computer or phone and you need somewhere to store your photos, music and other files. Depending on your individual needs, there are a number of types of external disk drive you can select.
|How does RAID work||Computer Camera||Best PCI WiFi Card||What is PCI Device||Desktop Desk|