Building a custom PC is much easier than trying to guess which computer maker offers the right combination of features to satisfy your needs. Putting a system together yourself is pretty straightforward, and the job should take less than a single afternoon so long as you have a number of key ingredients.
Two of the basic components in any computer are the motherboard and the central processing unit. Both perform processes vital to running the computer’s operating system. You can chose and buy motherboard online from Amazon as well as some other reliable websites.
Comparison Table of Motherboard
|MSI Computer X99A GAMING PRO CARBON ATX Motherboards||
up to 5GHz
|ASUS Z170-PRO ATX DDR4 NA Motherboards Z170-PRO||
Intel® Z170 Chipset
GIGABYTE LGA1151 Intel Z170 ATX DDR4 Motherboards GA-Z170X-Gaming 3
Intel® Z170 Chipset
|MSI Gaming Intel Skylake H110 LGA 1151 DDR4 USB 3.1 Micro ATX Motherboard (H110M Gaming) with Intel® i219 LAN||
|GIGABYTE GA-B250-HD3 LGA1151 Intel ATX DDR4 Motherboard||
Intel® B250 Chipset
|Cheep Price Motherboard|
|MSI AMD FM2+ A68H DDR3 SATA 6Gb/s USB 3.0 HDMI Micro ATX Motherboard (A68HM-E33 V2)||
The PC motherboard represents the logical foundation of the computer. In other words, everything that makes a computer a computer must be attached to the motherboard. It’s vital to chose the best motherboard as because from the CPU to storage devices, from RAM to printer ports, mouse and keyboards, the motherboard provides the connections that help them work together.
Table of Content:
- Best Computer Motherboard
- List of things to consider for selecting a best motherboard
- Motherboard Family Comparison
- List of Motherboard component
- Technical Information About Expansion Slot Types
- Mass Storage Interfaces
- Choosing the Best Motherboard
- List of Motherboard Manufacturer all over the word
Best Computer Motherboard
With one of the best motherboards or a high end motherboard and processor, a computer would just be as you like, something like dream computer. They’re more than just glorified CPU holders, though. Every motherboard is designed for a specific CPU slot like Core i3, Core i5, Core i7 processor etc.. Ensure that you select the right socket for the CPU that you chose. For instance, an AMD CPU can have AM3, AM3+, FM2, or FM2+ sockets, while an Intel CPU might have LGA 2011, LGA 1156, LGA 1155, LGA 1151 or LGA 1150 sockets. Also you may prefer to get a motherboard with WiFi attribute.
The motherboard is arguably a PC’s most important component. Nothing else works without it, and it decides the upgrades you can make in the future. Choosing a motherboard is a backward process, start picking out the other parts first (the CPU, RAM, Power Supply, etc). It serves as the backbone of the entire system, acting like a hub that every component needs to connect with to function.
Computer motherboards are built on printed circuit boards, a rigid, flat board that holds chips and other electronic components. Every processor has a socket type that must match the motherboard socket — mismatched processors will not fit into an incompatible motherboard. This effectively limits the upgradability of CPUs, since developers create new CPU sockets every few years. So, it is critical to select affordable motherboard to buy.
When you’re assembling a new computer (or upgrading an old one), the desktop motherboard and CPU have a few extra considerations that you need to keep in mind. First, they’re the most restrictive parts to pair: only a relative few processors will fit with your motherboard’s specific socket type. And second, the motherboard selection itself is going to determine a lot of the core capability and direction of your PC build. A bus is simply a circuit that connects one part of the motherboard to another. The more data a bus can handle at one time, the faster it allows information to travel. The speed of the bus, measured in megahertz (MHz), refers to how much data can move across the bus simultaneously.
A computer motherboard may also be called the mainboard or main circuit board. The word is sometimes shortened colloquially to “mobo” or just “mb.” It is made of raw materials such as copper, tin and fiberglass. These are etched into circuit pathways to transport information.
Different computer will have different requirements, e.g. an office computer will require a much less powerful machine than one designed for gaming.
List of things to consider for selecting a best motherboard :
- Form factor (ATX or Micro ATX)
- Processor Socket
- Number of Memory Slots
- PCI Express Slot
- Other built-in features.
- Hard Drive Ports (IDE, SATA, RAID)
- peripheral connections like USB 3.0 and Thunderbolt
- Front-Side Bus Speed
- Motherboard Chipset Design (Northbridge and Southbridge)
- Rear Panel Ports (Keyboard and mouse ports, USB/FireWire, Ethernet, Serial/parallel ports, eSATA, HDMI ports etc.)
- Overclocking and Tweaking
- Layout Considerations
- CPU Cooling System
Type 1 : ATX (Advanced Technology Extended) and Micro Motherboard
ATX motherboards have the following features:
- A rear port cluster for I/O ports
- Expansion slots that run parallel to the short side of the motherboard
- Left side case opening (as viewed from the front of a tower PC)
There are four members of the ATX family, listed in below Table. In practice, the Mini Motherboard i.e. Mini-ATX design is not widely used.
Motherboard Family Comparison
|Motherboard Type||Maximum Width||Maximum Depth||Maximum Number of Expansion Slots||Typical Uses|
|ATX||12 in||9.6 in||Seven||Full tower|
|Mini-ATX||11.2 in||8.2 in||Seven||Full tower|
|microATX||9.6 in||9.6 in||Four||Mini tower|
|FlexATX||9.0 in||7.5 in||Four||Mini tower, small form factor|
Type 2 : BTX
One problem with the ATX design has been the issue of system cooling. Because ATX was designed more than a decade ago, well before the development of today’s faster components, it’s been difficult to properly cool the hottest-running components in a typical system: the processor, memory modules, and the processor’s voltage regulator circuits.
To enable better cooling for these devices, and to promote better system stability, the BTX family of motherboard designs was introduced in 2004. Compared to ATX motherboards, BTX motherboards have the following:
- Heat-producing components such as the process, memory, chipset, and voltage regulator are relocated to provide straight-through airflow from front to back for better cooling.
- The processor socket is mounted at a 45-degree angle to the front of the motherboard to improve cooling.
- A thermal module with a horizontal fan fits over the processor for cooling.
- The port cluster is moved to the rear left corner of the motherboard.
- BTX cases include multiple rear and side air vents for better cooling.
- Because of the standardization of processor and memory locations, it’s easy to use the same basic design for various sizes of BTX motherboards; the designer can just add slots.
- BTX tower cases use a right-opening design as viewed from the front.
Although BTX designs are easier to cool than ATX designs, the development of cooler-running processors has enabled system designers to continue to favor ATX. There are relatively few BTX-based motherboards and systems currently on the market.
List of Motherboard component :
- Firewire header
- PCI Express 16x slots
- PCI Express 1x Slot
- Chipset – North Bridge (with heatsink)
- ATX Power connector
- CPU (Central Processing Unit) socket
- DIMM (Double Inline Memory Module) slots
- Motherboard controls
- Chipset – South Bridge
- Serial ATA Connector
- USB 2.0 header
- Motherboard Battery
- PCI (Peripheral Component Interconnect) slot
- Floppy Drive Connector
- IDE connector
- Cache Memory
- Switches and Jumbers
- BIOS (Basic Input Output System) Chip
Amongst them, IDE connector and BIOS chip is out of the diagram
As recently as ten years ago, demanding software (whether business titles or games) often needed all components to meet very specific minimum requirements in order to run properly. You chose those parts, then tried to find a motherboard that was compatible with all of them. That’s rare today. Pick a program, any program, and regardless of what the benchmarks say, almost any motherboard will accept parts fast enough or big enough to run that software well.
Motherboards also include a small separate block of memory made from CMOS RAM chips which is kept alive by a battery (known as a CMOS battery) even when the PC’s power is off. This prevents reconfiguration when the PC is powered on.
The CMOS RAM is used to store basic Information about the PC’s configuration for instance:-
- Floppy disk and hard disk drive types
- Information about CPU
- RAM size
- Date and time
- Serial and parallel port information
- Plug and Play information
- Power Saving settings
- Other Important data kept in CMOS memory is the time and date, which is updated by a Real Time Clock (RTC).
PCI Express x1 and x4 slots are designed to replace the PCI slot, and x8 and x16 are designed to replace the AGP slot.
Technical Information About Expansion Slot Types
|Slot Type||Performance||Suggested Uses|
|PCI||133MBps||Video, network, SCSI, sound card|
|PCIe x1||500MBps*||Network, I/O|
|PCIe x8||4,000MBps*||SLI video|
|PCIe x16||8,000MBps*||Video (including SLI, CrossFire)|
Mass Storage Interfaces
Motherboards also include mass storage interfaces such as PATA/IDE, SATA, and SCSI (Small Computer Systems Interface). A quick technical informational overview on the storage interfaces. :
|IDE or PATA||1.0–1.3Gbps||Rewritable DVD, rewritable CD, Zip, JAZ, REV, tape|
|SATA 1st generation||1.5Gbps||Hard disk, rewritable DVD|
|SATA 2nd generation||3.0Gbps||Hard disk, rewritable DVD|
|SCSI||1.6–3.2Gbps*||Hard disk, tape backup|
Choosing the Best Motherboard
Decide what you want the motherboard (system) to do. Because most of a computer’s capabilities and features are based on the motherboard, you need to decide this first.
If you need high CPU performance, you must choose a motherboard that supports the fastest dual-core or multi-core processors available. If you want to run a 64-bit (x64) operating system, you need a motherboard that supports 64-bit processors and more than 4GB of RAM. If you want to run fast 3D gaming graphics, you need a motherboard that supports NVIDIA’s SLI or ATI’s CrossFire multi-GPU technologies. If you want to support multimedia uses such as video editing, you’ll prefer a motherboard with onboard IEEE-1394a (FireWire 400). If you are building a system for use as a home theater, a mid range motherboard with HDMI graphics might be your preferred choice.
Decide what form factor you need to use. If you are replacing an existing motherboard, the new motherboard must fit into the case (chassis) being vacated by the old motherboard and (ideally) be powered by the existing power supply. If you are building a new system, though, you can choose the form factor needed.
Full-size ATX or BTX motherboards provide the most room for expansion but require mid-size or full-size tower cases. If no more than three expansion slots are needed, micro ATX or micro BTX systems fit into mini-tower cases that require less space and can use smaller, less-expensive power supplies. If only one slot (or no slots) are needed, picoATX or picoBTX systems that fit into small form factor cases require very little space.
Motherboard for Gaming PC : The updated Z270 platform gained better overclocking controls, more M.2 slots, better LED implementations, neutral color styles, and widespread adoption of Realtek’s new ALC1220 audio codec. Stability is better on Z270 also, with shorter boot times, better memory performance, and lower operating temperatures.
Computers need cooling to remove the heat their components generate during use. Heat build-up can sometime damage a computer’s hardware or cause it to become unstable. Modern PCs may shut down and refuse to operate if they reach a potentially unsafe level of heat.
List of Motherboard Manufacturer all over the word:
- Gigabyte Technology
Elitegroup Computer Systems
MSIM Global Support and Techno..
First International Computer